GLAZED PORCELAIN TILES have now been the most popular construction material for a while. Just like you have been getting options in the material from which the wall and floor tiles are made like ceramic tiles and porcelain tiles, similarly, you also have options in choosing the grout. It is imperative that you choose the ideal grout depending on the tiles you are using, where you are laying them down, etc. For porcelain floor tiles, you have three different types of grouting options viz. The Cement Grout, The Latex Grout and The Epoxy Grout. You should choose one of these based on your requirement.
The cement grout: The cement grout is the most widely used grout for indoor and outdoor installations since ages now. The primary reason for the cement grout is so widely used because of its lesser cost as compared to all the other options. The only downside to using cement grout is that the cement-based grout is porous which makes it susceptible to changes in weather and heavy traffic. Cement grout needs to be sealed regularly to keep it from cracking, crumbling, or taking on dirt, grime, and moisture that can cause mould. Although cement-based grout is a lower-cost alternative, in the long run, it could end up costing more money.
Latex modified grout: The latex modifies cement grout is almost same as the sanded cement-based grout. The main difference is that the latex-modified grout is laced with latex polymer which is either incorporated into the pre-mixed powder or added during mixing. The addition of the latex increases water resistance.
Epoxy grout: The epoxy grout is generally considered as the most superior choice for any kind of tile projects. The reason being epoxy grout is durable, doesn't need to be sealed, is stain and chemical resistant, and can withstand high traffic and moist areas.
Today the ceramic tiles have become the most preferred choice for flooring and covering up the walls. The durability, toughness, water resistant nature along with its lustrous surface and affordability makes them the ideal choice of builders and architects. When you are out their making selections for the ceramic tiles to be installed in your homes or offices, it is essential that you make the correct choice between the floor and wall tiles. While most of the shops sell the ceramic tiles as installable on both the floors and walls, it is necessary to know the difference.
The difference between the ceramic floor tiles and ceramic wall tiles comes from either their technical differences or their visual differences. The manufacturing of tiles has been according to their suitable use. The ceramic tiles that are manufactured to be used as wall tiles are usually lighter in weight in softer in body composition. The ceramic wall tiles are made such so that they don’t put too much pressure and weight on the wall. Also the drilling and cutting of ceramic wall tiles is easier to accommodate the installation of wall accessories.
The ceramic tiles manufactured to be used as floor tiles are generally made sturdier, heavier and with harder body composition. The ceramic floor tiles are made so because the floor faces the most use and the ceramic floor tiles are in for maximum wear and tear. It is essential that these tiles don’t break under normal pressure and neither do they lose their look under the scratches. The ceramic floor tile also has to have a slightly almost unnoticeable textured surface. This is required so has it provides some amount of friction and the surface isn’t very slippery. Also the ceramic floor tiles are usually available in larger sizes as compared to the ceramic wall tiles.
Since the ceramic wall tiles add such a unique and colorful dynamic to a room, they have become a favorite option, instead of using canvas, for many artists. Although the ceramic wall tiles are quite fragile and are prone to damage of breaking or falling if not hung with proper care. In this article we would be discussing three different styles of hanging the ceramic wall tile art piece on the walls. The tiles are hung depending on the types of enclosure they are in.
Hanging the tiles by frame: This is the safest and easiest way to hang the ceramic wall tiles art piece. You begin with measuring the art piece and identifying a picture frame of the size of art piece. Stick the ceramic wall tile pieces on the backer board of the frame. Make sure you use the industrial glue so that the tiles are stuck firmly. Assemble the picture frame once the glue has dried. Screw the pair of metal hangers on the back of the frame and tie a metal string in to the d-rings of the hangers. Hang the entire set up by attaching a metal hanger on the wall.
Attaching hangers to the tiles: For the ceramic wall tiles art pieces which aren’t framed, you can directly hang them on the wall.
For this, you need to start off by sticking a pair of hanging rings about 0.64 cm way down the tile edge. Use industrial strength glue to stick the hanging rings. Tie a metal string in to the d-rings of the hangers. Hang the entire set up by attaching a metal hanger on the wall.
The ceramic wall tiles have become an ideal choice for covering up the kitchen walls because of their fire resistant nature along with ease of cleaning and long durable life span. Installing the ceramic wall tiles on the kitchen wall is similar to installing ceramic tiles on walls. In one of our earlier articles, we have covered the steps of installing ceramic wall tiles on walls, so in this article we would be sharing with you the tools required to put up or install ceramic wall tiles on the kitchen walls.
The tools and materials required to put up or install ceramic wall tiles on the kitchen walls are as follows:
- Ceramic wall tiles
- Thin-set tile adhesive or mortar
- Masking tape
- Utility knife
- Tape measure
- Rubber mallet
- Tile cutter, preferably diamond blade wet saw
- Tile nippers for fine cutting the edges
- Eye protection while cutting the tiles.
Once you have all the required tools and materials, you can go ahead and start the ceramic wall tiles installation process on the predefined kitchen wall.
Mortar is the adhesive material which is used to bonds bricks and other units of masonry together; it is also used to adhere tiles to an underlayment. Mortar also provides structural integrity to the walls, floors, and other structure but is also flexible enough to allow shifting without cracking. Although it must be noted that mortar isn’t same as cement, concrete, or grout. Cement is the binding element found in both mortar and concrete. Concrete is a much stronger material than mortar and is often used on its own to build walls, floors, and other building components. Grout is formulated without the lime additive found in mortar, and it has high water content. Grout doesn’t adhere materials together, but rather serves only to fill the gaps between tiles.
While we have been classifying mortar as just another bonding agent, all the mortars aren’t the same. The mortar itself comes into four different types and each type of mortar serves a different purpose. Each type of mortar has different characteristics, such as compressive strength, flexibility, and bonding properties. You need to identify your requirements and choose the mortar based on your task specific requirements.
The mortar type S and type N are quite similar with having strength of 1800 psi and 750 psi respectively. The type S mortar is relatively stronger and is ideal for use on the exterior walls and outdoor patios. It’s ideal for applications where the building materials come into contact with the ground. The type N mortar is recommended for interior load-bearing walls. The type N mortar withstands high heat, low temperatures, and severe weather and is considered to be a general-purpose mix. Based on our study of all the four types of mortar, it can be safely said that type S mortar should be used with the porcelain floor tiles used on the outside and type N mortar should be used with the porcelain floor tiles installed in the interior.
In this article we will cover the tools needed for installing the porcelain tiles on a cement floor and the process of installation too.
Tools you would be requiring are:
- Safety glasses
- Rubber gloves
- Anti-fracture material
- Paintbrush & Paint Roller
- Modified thinset mortar
- Chalk line
- Mixer Paddle
- Grout Scraper
- Buckets & sponges
The installation process would be:
To start off, apply a layer of primer and paint or any other water proofing, anti-fracture material on the concrete surface. You can use the fine tip paint brush to cover all the nooks and crannies, and roller to cover the majority of the area. Let this dry off for 24 hours. Dry fit the tiles on the floor for the measurement and layout purposes. Mark the tiles that either needs to be cut or trimmed. Use chalk lines to draw the crosshair at the center of the area to be tiled. This is where you would be starting from.
Mix the thinset mortar and let it rest for 5-10 minutes according to the manufacturer’s instructions. With a paddle, apply the thinset mortar on the grid marked crosshair. Carefully place the porcelain floor tile on the thinset mortar and apply even pressure to ensure proper bonding. Repeat the process till all the tiles have been laid down. Next apply the grout between the edges and joints. Let the grout sit for 20 minutes and then use the grout scraper to wipe off the excess grout. Fill a bucket with clear water; dip the clean sponge in it. Use the damp sponge to wipe off the installation. Let the grout and thinset mortar dry for 24 hours before beginning the regular use.
In the process of covering your walls or flooring of your offices or home, it is equally important to select the type of adhesive you would be using. We use tile adhesive to stick our tiles to walls and floors. There is a wide range of variety of substrates and tile types with GGCL, therefore it is very vital that the correct adhesive is chosen to ensure your tiles stay in place for years to come. The different types of adhesives react differently with different substrates. So it gets elementary to identify and choose the ideal substrate based on your requirements.
Let us take a brief look at the most commonly used and available substrate options. For the wall tiles, walls are the prominent substrate. The walls are either plastered or the plasterboards are used in absences of plastered walls. On the floor, we either have timber floorboard or concrete. The timber floorboard consists of marine grade plywood (minimum 15mm thickness) or a tile backing board on top. While timber floorboard doesn’t require a longer dry off period, concrete bases generally require weeks of drying period before you can start working on it.
Based on the substrate you are working on, you can select between the ready mixed pastes and powdered adhesives. For the plastered walls and plasterboards, you can use ready mixed pastes if you are sticking small tiles. For larger porcelain tiles, powdered adhesive is more suitable. Ready mixed pastes can never be used to tile floors. You must always use the powdered adhesive. The main things to consider when choosing the right powdered adhesive are colour, flexibility and the open, or setting time. The colour of powdered adhesive should be matching with the grout. The flexibility of adhesive must be considered when the floor tiles experience lots of vibration or movement. The setting time must be considered because the faster the adhesive sets, the sooner you can get onto grouting and finishing your room.
The ceramic wall tiles installed all around your house keep on taking a large amount of abuse during their extended life period. Due to these abuses, the scratches are bound to show up. Dirty and debris get stuck in these scratches and end up making the tiles look perpetually grimy even after you've cleaned it. The shallow scratches can easily be filled up by buffing the tile with a gentle abrasive.
The scratches removal process using buffing the tiles with a gentle abrasive requires you to first prepare the abrasive. For that, you should mix 8 liters of water with 1/4th cup of liquid Castile soap in a tub. Stir the mixture well. Dip a sponge in the mixture and then use it to wipe the scratched surface gently. This would remove the dirt and debris stuck in the scratched space. After wiping with the castile soap and water solution, rinse off the tile with clean water and let it dry.
Make a paste of scouring powder by adding a little amount of water to the dry powder. Take a clean cloth and dampen it with the scouring powder paste. Use the dampen cloth to apply the paste on the scratched surface with tiny circular motions. Let the paste to dry off for 5-10 minutes before wiping it up with soft bristle brush.
Apply a little amount of brass polish or toothpaste on another piece of a clean cloth. Use this clean cloth to apply the brass polish or toothpaste on the scratched surface of the ceramic wall tiles. This should be again done with tiny circular motions made under light pressure. Let the brass polish or toothpaste sit for 5-10 minutes before rinsing it off with clean water and let the surface of ceramic wall tile dry.
During renovation or redecorating your homes or offices, the biggest problem people face is to remove the existing ceramic wall tiles without damaging the wall, surroundings and adjacent furniture pieces. In this article we will go through the process of removing the ceramic wall tiles without breaking the tiles and damaging the wall, surroundings and adjacent furniture pieces.
The easiest and the quickest way is obviously to hit the tiles with hammer and break them up. While this method seems quite alluring, it is very time consuming and tiresome. The reason behind this is the industrial glue used by builders to stick the ceramic wall tiles. This industrial glue is very strong and will hold on to the tiles even when the tiles crack under the constant bashing of hammer strokes. This way ultimately you would have to first break all the ceramic wall tiles and then scrape off all the broken pieces from the wall.
A better idea is to break the grouts around the tiles with gentle, even taps with a hammer and a stiff putty knife. This way the grout around the ceramic wall tiles will give away. Once that happens, you can wedge the stiff putty knife under the tile and give it light taps with the hammer to make it loose. This would make the wall tile pop off. If the tile still refuses to budge, try again after removing some more grout from around the tile. There might be slight damage to the tile but all in all you will get the almost intact ceramic wall tile of the wall without damaging the wall, surroundings and adjacent furniture pieces.
It is extremely important to wear protective eyewear and safety gloves while working with the ceramic wall tiles. Tiny pieces of ceramic may break and fly off as splinters while the tiles or grout is being hammered.