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GGCL Guide: What is needed to put ceramic tiles on kitchen wall

The ceramic wall tiles have become an ideal choice for covering up the kitchen walls because of their fire resistant nature along with ease of cleaning and long durable life span. Installing the ceramic wall tiles on the kitchen wall is similar to installing ceramic tiles on walls. In one of our earlier articles, we have covered the steps of installing ceramic wall tiles on walls, so in this article we would be sharing with you the tools required to put up or install ceramic wall tiles on the kitchen walls.


The tools and materials required to put up or install ceramic wall tiles on the kitchen walls are as follows:

  1. Ceramic wall tiles
  2. Thin-set tile adhesive or mortar
  3. Trowel
  4. Masking tape
  5. Utility knife
  6. Tape measure
  7. Rubber mallet
  8. Tile cutter, preferably diamond blade wet saw
  9. Tile nippers for fine cutting the edges
  10. Eye protection while cutting the tiles.
  11. Grout
  12. Sponge
  13. Bucket

Once you have all the required tools and materials, you can go ahead and start the ceramic wall tiles installation process on the predefined kitchen wall.

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GGCL Guide: What is a good mortar for large porcelain floor tiles

Mortar is the adhesive material which is used to bonds bricks and other units of masonry together; it is also used to adhere tiles to an underlayment. Mortar also provides structural integrity to the walls, floors, and other structure but is also flexible enough to allow shifting without cracking. Although it must be noted that mortar isn’t same as cement, concrete, or grout. Cement is the binding element found in both mortar and concrete. Concrete is a much stronger material than mortar and is often used on its own to build walls, floors, and other building components. Grout is formulated without the lime additive found in mortar, and it has high water content. Grout doesn’t adhere materials together, but rather serves only to fill the gaps between tiles.


While we have been classifying mortar as just another bonding agent, all the mortars aren’t the same. The mortar itself comes into four different types and each type of mortar serves a different purpose. Each type of mortar has different characteristics, such as compressive strength, flexibility, and bonding properties. You need to identify your requirements and choose the mortar based on your task specific requirements.


The mortar type S and type N are quite similar with having strength of 1800 psi and 750 psi respectively. The type S mortar is relatively stronger and is ideal for use on the exterior walls and outdoor patios. It’s ideal for applications where the building materials come into contact with the ground. The type N mortar is recommended for interior load-bearing walls. The type N mortar withstands high heat, low temperatures, and severe weather and is considered to be a general-purpose mix. Based on our study of all the four types of mortar, it can be safely said that type S mortar should be used with the porcelain floor tiles used on the outside and type N mortar should be used with the porcelain floor tiles installed in the interior.

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GGCL Guide: What do I need to install porcelain tiles on a cement floor

In this article we will cover the tools needed for installing the porcelain tiles on a cement floor and the process of installation too.

Tools you would be requiring are:

  1. Safety glasses
  2. Rubber gloves
  3. Anti-fracture material
  4. Paintbrush & Paint Roller
  5. Modified thinset mortar
  6. Chalk line
  7. Mixer Paddle
  8. Grout
  9. Grout Scraper
  10. Buckets & sponges


The installation process would be:

To start off, apply a layer of primer and paint or any other water proofing, anti-fracture material on the concrete surface. You can use the fine tip paint brush to cover all the nooks and crannies, and roller to cover the majority of the area. Let this dry off for 24 hours. Dry fit the tiles on the floor for the measurement and layout purposes. Mark the tiles that either needs to be cut or trimmed. Use chalk lines to draw the crosshair at the center of the area to be tiled. This is where you would be starting from.


Mix the thinset mortar and let it rest for 5-10 minutes according to the manufacturer’s instructions. With a paddle, apply the thinset mortar on the grid marked crosshair. Carefully place the porcelain floor tile on the thinset mortar and apply even pressure to ensure proper bonding. Repeat the process till all the tiles have been laid down. Next apply the grout between the edges and joints. Let the grout sit for 20 minutes and then use the grout scraper to wipe off the excess grout. Fill a bucket with clear water; dip the clean sponge in it. Use the damp sponge to wipe off the installation. Let the grout and thinset mortar dry for 24 hours before beginning the regular use.


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GGCL Guide: What adhesive to use for porcelain floor tiles

 In the process of covering your walls or flooring of your offices or home, it is equally important to select the type of adhesive you would be using. We use tile adhesive to stick our tiles to walls and floors. There is a wide range of variety of substrates and tile types with GGCL, therefore it is very vital that the correct adhesive is chosen to ensure your tiles stay in place for years to come. The different types of adhesives react differently with different substrates. So it gets elementary to identify and choose the ideal substrate based on your requirements.


Let us take a brief look at the most commonly used and available substrate options. For the wall tiles, walls are the prominent substrate. The walls are either plastered or the plasterboards are used in absences of plastered walls. On the floor, we either have timber floorboard or concrete. The timber floorboard consists of marine grade plywood (minimum 15mm thickness) or a tile backing board on top. While timber floorboard doesn’t require a longer dry off period, concrete bases generally require weeks of drying period before you can start working on it.


Based on the substrate you are working on, you can select between the ready mixed pastes and powdered adhesives. For the plastered walls and plasterboards, you can use ready mixed pastes if you are sticking small tiles. For larger porcelain tiles, powdered adhesive is more suitable. Ready mixed pastes can never be used to tile floors. You must always use the powdered adhesive. The main things to consider when choosing the right powdered adhesive are colour, flexibility and the open, or setting time. The colour of powdered adhesive should be matching with the grout. The flexibility of adhesive must be considered when the floor tiles experience lots of vibration or movement. The setting time must be considered because the faster the adhesive sets, the sooner you can get onto grouting and finishing your room.

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GGCL Guide: How to remove scratches from ceramic wall tiles

The ceramic wall tiles installed all around your house keep on taking a large amount of abuse during their extended life period. Due to these abuses, the scratches are bound to show up. Dirty and debris get stuck in these scratches and end up making the tiles look perpetually grimy even after you've cleaned it. The shallow scratches can easily be filled up by buffing the tile with a gentle abrasive.


The scratches removal process using buffing the tiles with a gentle abrasive requires you to first prepare the abrasive. For that, you should mix 8 liters of water with 1/4th cup of liquid Castile soap in a tub. Stir the mixture well. Dip a sponge in the mixture and then use it to wipe the scratched surface gently. This would remove the dirt and debris stuck in the scratched space. After wiping with the castile soap and water solution, rinse off the tile with clean water and let it dry.


Make a paste of scouring powder by adding a little amount of water to the dry powder. Take a clean cloth and dampen it with the scouring powder paste. Use the dampen cloth to apply the paste on the scratched surface with tiny circular motions. Let the paste to dry off for 5-10 minutes before wiping it up with soft bristle brush.


Apply a little amount of brass polish or toothpaste on another piece of a clean cloth. Use this clean cloth to apply the brass polish or toothpaste on the scratched surface of the ceramic wall tiles. This should be again done with tiny circular motions made under light pressure. Let the brass polish or toothpaste sit for 5-10 minutes before rinsing it off with clean water and let the surface of ceramic wall tile dry.

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GGCL Guide: How to remove ceramic wall tiles

During renovation or redecorating your homes or offices, the biggest problem people face is to remove the existing ceramic wall tiles without damaging the wall, surroundings and adjacent furniture pieces. In this article we will go through the process of removing the ceramic wall tiles without breaking the tiles and damaging the wall, surroundings and adjacent furniture pieces.

The easiest and the quickest way is obviously to hit the tiles with hammer and break them up. While this method seems quite alluring, it is very time consuming and tiresome. The reason behind this is the industrial glue used by builders to stick the ceramic wall tiles. This industrial glue is very strong and will hold on to the tiles even when the tiles crack under the constant bashing of hammer strokes. This way ultimately you would have to first break all the ceramic wall tiles and then scrape off all the broken pieces from the wall.


A better idea is to break the grouts around the tiles with gentle, even taps with a hammer and a stiff putty knife. This way the grout around the ceramic wall tiles will give away. Once that happens, you can wedge the stiff putty knife under the tile and give it light taps with the hammer to make it loose. This would make the wall tile pop off. If the tile still refuses to budge, try again after removing some more grout from around the tile. There might be slight damage to the tile but all in all you will get the almost intact ceramic wall tile of the wall without damaging the wall, surroundings and adjacent furniture pieces.


It is extremely important to wear protective eyewear and safety gloves while working with the ceramic wall tiles. Tiny pieces of ceramic may break and fly off as splinters while the tiles or grout is being hammered. 

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GGCL : India maintained its position as the world’s second-largest tile producer and consumer country.

In 2018, India maintained its position as the world’s second-largest tile producer and consumer country.

Production increased from 1,080 to 1,145 million sq.m (+6%), while domestic consumption fell slightly to 750 million sq.m (-1.3%). The ceramic cluster in Morbi (Gujarat) has continued its rapid growth and is now estimated to have more than 500 production lines, many of which are devoted to products for export (some Gujarati sources already indicate a much higher level of production).

Exports have continued to grow strongly, rising from 228 to 274 million sq.m (+20.2%), consolidating India’s position as the 4th largest world exporter country.

In value terms, exports reached 859 million euros, equivalent to an average selling price of 3.1 €/sq.m, one of the lowest figures for all major exporter countries.

Saudi Arabia remained India’s largest export market with a 20.5% share of total exports (56 million sq.m, -2%). Next came the UAE (17.8 million sq.m, +21.6%), Iraq (17.6 million sq.m, -6.3%) and Oman (16.7 million sq.m, +19%). Exports to Nepal, Sri Lanka and Qatar saw double-digit growth. After starting an export activity to Mexico in 2016, India maintained a good level of ex- ports to what is the only non-Asian country among the top 10 markets for Indian tiles (15.3 million sq.m, -6.4%). Overall, the Asian continent absorbed 67.8% of India’s exports (185.7 million sq.m, +13.5%), Africa 14.4% (39.5 million sq.m, +48%), North America (NFTA) 6.4% (al- most entirely in Mexico), Europe (EU + non-EU) 7.3% (20 million sq.m, +61%) and South America 3.7% (10 million sq.m, +43.2%).

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GGCL Guide: How to remove ceramic wall tiles from plaster walls

It is an extremely difficult process to remove the ceramic wall tiles installed on the plaster board. If the installation was done in the contemporary method then the task becomes a bit simpler with thin layer of mortar or adhesive used under the tiles to stick it to the plaster board. In case the installation was done in the conventional manner then the task becomes quite daunting. You would find a thick wall of mortar under the tiles along with a metal mesh held against the plaster board. While the procedure to remove the ceramic tiles from the plaster walls is similar in both the cases, but it becomes physically exhaustive if the installation was done in the conventional method.


Before starting to remove the ceramic tiles from the plaster board, spread drop cloth or cushioning material under the area you are going to remove the tiles from. This cloth would help you avoid damaging the floor. Use the utility knife to remove the caulk from the tile edges. Now use the grout removal tool to scrape out the grout from the joints. Make sure you use the tip of the grout removal tool for scraping for efficient and clean removal of grout. In case the grout is too hard, use hammer to tap on the grout removal tool to break the grout.


Find the exposed edges of the tiles. Any tile which has the maximum exposed edge is where you should start. Insert the tip of metal chisel in the exposed edge diagonally. Hammer the other hand of chisel gently to push the chisel deeper along the edge. This would remove the tiles off the wall. Once all the tiles have been removed, use the chisel or the scraper to scrape off all the remaining adhesive or mortar from the plaster board.

GGCL : Brief history of morbi ceramics industry


So now let us look back at the origin of the Indian ceramic hub., In 2013 the ceramic industry of Gujarat celebrates its 100 years of innovation. 

History of Gujarat (Morbi) ceramics has been revolutionary in terms of its technological exploration, experimentation and growth. Morbi & Thangadh alone has played a significant role to take India to new heights of ceramic industry. Figures prove that Morbi alone is world’s 4 the largest producer of ceramic tiles. The journey of success is an inspirational story about creativity and continuous hunt for opportunities.

The Gujarat ceramics originated in Thangadh & then flourished in Morbi to an extent that it is recognized worldwide as a ceramic hub of India. The initiation phase of ceramics in India is exciting. It started in 1913 with an idea clicked to Mr Shorab Dalal as he saw a traditional smoking pipe at Thangadh railway station. The idea inspired him to venture into ceramics. He was the pioneer who planted roots of Gujarat ceramics with roofing tiles industry in Thangadh without having any predefined path and a predictable destination. It was only his obsession which led him to experimentation & exploration by establishing unlimited scope in ceramics.

Continuing the journey ahead, in 1934, late Sri Parshuram Balwant Gunpule took over that Roof tiles factory with a great vision and desire to succeed. During the decade 1930 to 1940, forgetting the required expertise & know-how, he invited ceramic technicians from other states. With this, he ventured into the business of Potteries with the inception of new pottery units in Jabalpur and Nagpur.

Another significant contributor, Late Sh. L. R. Bhagat started his pottery units in Kolkata and Delhi and later on, he joined Bengal Potteries. These developments instigated requirement of technology to achieve operational effectiveness. This thought stimulated Late Sh. C P Shah, a Thangadh based industrialist, to go to Japan for gaining technology & process proficiency. This encouraged him to start Bombay Potteries in Mumbai. Considering his remarkable efforts in the field of ceramics, the state government asked him to publish a report on "Prospects of Ceramic Industry in the State". Another expert, Late Sh. Talakchandbhai migrated to Ahmedabad and started his crockery unit. Thus, many technicians having ceramic expertise & spirit of entrepreneurship migrated from the ceramic origin (Thangadh/Morbi) to other resourceful places to start their pottery units. There was a time when you could find a technician from Thangadh/Morbi in every ceramic factory.

As any industry grows, it brings potential challenges which need to be converted into significant growth opportunities. The ceramics experts in India sensed operational effectiveness and technology as a challenge for their growth and therefore, started networking worldwide for exchanging know-how and building mutual associations. In this context, Dada Parshuram was the first Indian who entered into a collaboration with a Japanese company ‘Taka Sago’ for experiencing a new sphere of development. Believing the same approach, Sh. Mahadevbhai Prajapati (of Argil Ceramic) undertook an industrial tour of Japan, Italy and France to understand the scenario of international ceramic industries, which transformed the conventional ceramic operations into a new age of technology. We still memorize how fast the Down Draught Kilns were replaced by Tunnel Kilns!

Simultaneously, the industry was looking for new material compositions which can create scope for better & new product applications. After a thorough viability analysis of new material sources, Earthenware came into the picture in 1935-45. In 1945-60, the continuous experimentation on the same lines led to the discovery of products made of semi-vitreous material. This was a turning point as semi-vitreous material got evolved to vitreous material, which proved as an enthusiastic start to the era of sanitaryware in India. Many local technicians having entrepreneurial instinct took a risk and started small scale sanitary ware units and ancillary industries.

From Roofing tiles to Pottery and then to Earthenware and Sanitaryware, the growth was never-ending. The well-established entrepreneurs in Sanitaryware diversified into Ceramic tiles. The diversification at a fast rate intensified the tile production units in Morbi. Also, the locally produced mosaic tiles from Morbi became famous all over India and joined the bandwagon.

……..and the rest is history!

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GGCL : Sanitary ware from Morbi, India.

Sanitaryware from MORBI

There are around 46 factories in Morbi that manufacture sanitarywares. Apart from this, there are many small units in Thangadh that manufacture sanitarywares for decades.

Many sanitaryware "Superbrands" like Hindware, CERA, HR Johnson etc outsource their requirements from Morbi. Due to more demand and less supply of European Closets (EWCs), many Morbi companies also import it from China and supply to their customers through sales network.

Sanitary wares are made from a variety of materials each of them has certain advantages over the others. However, sanitary wares made of ceramic has many advantages over those made of other materials and are economical also. It has wide acceptance in society.

Morbi's Products

The ceramic sanitary wares are used for sanitation purposes and the product ranges from washbasins, closets, urinals, sinks, baths to hoppers. It has properties like very good resistance to weathering, chemical erosion, mechanical strength and resistance to abrasion. Its use in sanitation has preference over other materials. They are economical, easy-to-clean, longer life and are available in pleasing colours.