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The 2020 construction season in Russia promises to be considerably active. A positive scenario for Mosbuild 2020, which will take place in Moscow from 31 March to 3 April

The World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business Rating 2020, which was released in late October 2019, has ranked Russia at 28th place out of 190 countries.

The rating takes into account 10 different parameters, and Russia’s place is determined by performance indicators of Moscow and St. Petersburg. Russia has raced up the ratings in recent years, from coming in at 123rd in 2011 to breaking into the top 30 in 2019. Russia’s National News Service is attributing this progress to the country’s building industry, which has seen a high growth rate for the second year in a row.

According to Marat Khusnullin, Head of the Moscow Construction Complex, such progress in the ratings was in part due to the implementation of a whole range of measures that allow developers to build faster and easier in Moscow. “Over the past two years, we’ve been very active in digitizing the building permit process. So you can now submit all documents and receive permission electronically over a period of just five days. We’ve also optimized the process of connecting to utility networks,” Mr. Khusnullin explained. In view of this news, the 2020 construction season in Russia promises to be considered active.

In this very positive business environment, Mosbuild 2020 will take place from 31 March to 3 April 2020 at Crocus Expo IEC, Moscow, celebrating 26 years of success. The show is Russia’s leading build and interiors trade show, annually attracting over 1,200 manufacturers and suppliers and over 77,300 trade visitors actively looking for new products and materials and to find new partners.


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More Than 85% of Booth Space at Cevisama 2020 Already Booked

VALENCIA, SPAIN -- With more than six months to go before the fair opens its doors, Cevisama 2020 is already 85% booked. Feria Valencia’s international ceramic tile, bathroom furnishings and natural stone tradeshow is slated to run from February 3 to 7, 2020, and the product ranges on the floor will again be making a quantitative as well as a qualitative leap forward.

The event will bring together the latest collections and developments in design and technology from the leading producers of ceramic tiles, frits, glazes and colors for ceramic manufacturing, ancillary industries, natural stone and tile manufacturing machinery.

Currently, the biggest section of the show, ceramic tiles, is 91% full, and given the growing interest and the volume of requests for information received from manufacturers, the organizers anticipate that the space allocated to this segment of industry will be completely sold out within a few weeks. The majority of bookings have come from leading Spanish manufacturers, although Cevisama continues be increasingly attractive to foreign -- especially Italian -- companies.

As for the Spanish frits, glazes and colors for ceramic tile manufacturing sector is concerned, which is a world leader in terms of research, development and innovation, and a key part of the showcase, occupation currently stands at 85% of the expected level of bookings.

Bathroom furnishing manufacturers have booked more than 66% of the space available to them. This percentage is in line with the pattern of recent years.

Compared with the same dates in 2018 -- a comparable year because the machinery sector features at Cevisama only every other year -- the figures are much better in terms of both occupancy and exhibitor numbers. More specifically, sales, which started in May, are 12% ahead of where they were in July two years ago.

Cevisama has once again forecast growth and all the indications are that the objectives for 2020 will be achieved. The international tradeshow will as a result occupy a total of 11 halls at Feria Valencia. This year, Hall 7 will accommodate the offering of machinery for the manufacturing of ceramic tiles.


Committed to the contract sector

The other 10 halls will house the rest of the sectors included at the fair. Hall 6, designated the “Design Hall,” is set to be a major draw for visitors and, for the second year running, will be an unmissable attraction for architects and interior designers from all over the world. The hall was a huge success last year when it was first introduced and its return marks Cevisama’s commitment to promoting the contract channel and reflecting the ongoing developments in ceramic materials and their many applications in this area.

Hall 6 enjoys a unique location at the heart of the fair and will be given a special styling and its own entrance, by means of a special tile exhibit in Hall 6B.

Cevisama is also putting together a program of high-level lectures that will be part of the Architecture and Design Forum, and another set of activities that will come under the Cevisama Lab umbrella, adding value to the show and creating a richer visitor experience.

For Cevisama director, Carmen Álvarez, “the idea is that we continue to move forward in terms of the scope of the offering but also in terms of the quality of both the products on show and all the activities that complement the fair, because at the end of the day what we want is to add value for all our customers.”

Cevisama’s president, Manuel Rubert, highlighted the “excellent” sales figures and the fair’s sustained improvement over the last five years. “We will continue to add attractive features to Cevisama so that both retailers and specifiers consider it essential to visit,” he said. “This year, we are going to invest more effort than ever in promoting the fair so that the number and quality of visitors continue to rise.”



---by - stone world.com

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Ceramic industry make to double turnover by 2021

Fueled by the growing construction sector in the country and a rise in exports to the advanced nations, the Indian ceramic industry, which has the potential to be the largest producer in the world, is looking to double its turnover by 2021, according to industry experts.


With many new projects lined up in the country, the construction sector is growing at an approximate rate of 7 to 8 percent. The demand for industrial ceramic products such as ceramic tiles, sanitary wares, and pipes required in construction applications too is expected to increase.

The government has also announced an investment target of $376.5 billion in infrastructure by 2020. "Looking at all these factors, the ceramic industry expects a huge growth in volume," Tarun Marwah, Director, Messe Muenchen Ind, told IANS.

He said the ceramic industry is divided equally into two halves -- the first comprising the organized sector with the existence of a few large players, while the other comprising the unorganized sector.

The industry presently produces around 2.5 percent of the total global output, in which Gujarat accounts for 70 percent of the total output.

"But looking at the upcoming projects in the country and the increase in exports to major destinations like Saudi Arabia, Mexico, the USA, and the European countries, we are looking to double the turnover by 2021. We have the potential to become the largest ceramic producer in the world," Marwah said.

He was talking on the sidelines of the three-day Indian Ceramics Asia 2019 Expo which kicked off at the Exhibition Centre here on Wednesday.

The exhibition, organized by Messe Muenchen India, brings together the best of raw materials, ancillary equipment, ceramic machinery, raw material manufacturers and technology suppliers from across the country and the world.

It features over 300 global and Indian companies and over 8,500 visitors are expected to attend the exhibition. The three-day event also includes a job fair, workshops, innovation exchanges, and buyer-seller meets.

According to a market research report on the ceramic industry, the Morbi ceramic industry in Gujarat is likely to have an investment of Rs 1,500 crore in the first quarter of 2019 involving 50 new wall tiles manufacturing plants.

"Because of the global recession, production in the ceramic industry worldwide is going down. From 2015 to 2018, there were too many ceramic products without any buyers. So we need to find buyers, find out ways to export our products which will take a long time. But despite that the revenue is growing because of the up-gradation in technology and improvement in quality," said Ken Wong, General Manager at Unified Exhibition Service.

"From China, we have 120 companies participating in this three-day event. The relations between Chinese and Indian ceramic companies are growing stronger by the day. With new slab technology, 3D printing, glazing, and inkjet printing, the industry is likely to grow in leaps and bounds," said Wong.


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World ceramic tile production tops 13 billion sq.m



The 5th annual report entitled “World ceramic tile production and consumption” produced by the Acimac Research Department and presented in this issue provides an overview of the global tile industry and market, which have resumed growth following a year of  tagnation and sub-percentage-point variations. In 2016, world ceramic tile production grew by almost 6% to pass the 13 billion sq.m mark, buoyed in particular by the recovery in Asia (+8%) and the more rapid pace of growth in production in the European Union (+7%)  nd North America (+8.5%), matched by almost identical increases in demand in the same regions. The growth in Asia is attributable above all to the twin giants of “Chindia”: China in response to the upturn in domestic demand (exports are continuing to fall) and India  riven by strong growth in exports to the Middle East (up by no less than 39%!), in some cases replacing Chinese products (for example in Saudi Arabia). Global import-export flows remained lacklustre for the third year running, growing by just 48 million sq.m to 2,794 million sq.m  +1.7%). Furthermore, this growth was entirely attributable to the strong performance of the European Union – in other words Italy and Spain – which exported a world-leading 80% of its entire output and alone accounted for one quarter of total world exports. In sharp  ontrast with the contraction in South America and North Africa, the growth in production in Europe, India and the NAFTA region is reflected in the figures for the world’s top 25 ceramic tile groups scattered across four continents, which are extremely heterogeneous in  erms of product types and value of production, level of internationalisation and market penetration. In 2016 the top 25 groups manufactured a total of approximately 1,750 million sq.m (13% of world production) and more than half of them reported growth in output  olumes. Standouts include the results of Mohawk Industries in the USA, Lamosa and Vitromex in Mexico, Pamesa and STN in Spain, Kajaria in India and Arwana Citramulia in Indonesia. The strong performance of the Italian industry is confirmed above all by the increase in value  of production, as demonstrated by the results of the top 30 companies which almost all posted revenue growth in 2016, more than ten of them in double digits. 

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Glazed Porcelain Tiles

Versatile and elegant, porcelain floor tiles are an innovative product that is gaining popularity among homeowners, builders, and interior designers. Created from super-fine porcelain clay and fired at a higher temperature than ordinary ceramic tile, porcelain tiles are dense and tough and made for today's demanding applications both indoors and out.

Glazed Porcelain tiles are made from using pure, selected raw materials mixed using the most advanced extraction and sorting techniques. Water and raw materials mix together until a sand-like consistency is reached. Recipes vary slightly however feldspar, clay, silica sand and other materials are included in the mixture. Then a spray dryer removes the excess moisture from the mixture until the perfect consistency is reached before the mixture is moved into a press. Pressing with highly efficient hydraulic presses up to specific pressures more than 500 kg/cm2. the raw materials are placed in a dryer to remove moisture, readying the tiles for the Glazing After the tiles have dried, the next step is to add the pattern and colors using a state-of-the-art inkjet printer. After the pattern is applied, the glaze is applied to protect the tiles. High firing temperature exceeding 1200 °C results in a highly compact & strong ceramic surface with very low water absorption lower than 0.1%  and extremely high mechanical resistance average value exceeding 50 N/mm2.

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Ceramic Wall Tile (BIII)



History & Facts

Wall and floor tile used for interior and exterior decoration belongs to a class of ceramics known as whitewares. The production of tile dates back to ancient times and peoples, including the Egyptians, the Babylonians, and the Assyrians. For instance, the Step Pyramid for the Pharoah Djoser, built in ancient Egypt around 2600 B.C. , contained colorful glazed tile. Later, ceramic tile was manufactured in virtually every major European country and in the United States. By the beginning of the twentieth century, tile was manufactured on an industrial scale. The invention of the tunnel kiln around 1910 increased the automation of tile manufacture. Today, tile manufacture is highly automated.


The American National Standards Institute separates tiles into several classifications. Ceramic mosaic tile may be either porcelain or of natural clay composition of size less than 39 cm2 (6 in.2). Decorative wall tile is glazed tile with a thin body used for interior decoration of residential walls. Paver tile is glazed or unglazed porcelain or natural clay tile of size 39 cm2 (6 in.2) or more. Porcelain tile is ceramic mosaic tile or paver tile that is made by a certain method called dry pressing. Quarry tile is glazed or unglazed tile of the same size as paver tile, but made by a different forming method.



The Manufacturing


Once the raw materials are processed, a number of steps take place to obtain the finished product. These steps include batching, mixing and grinding, spray-drying, forming, drying, glazing, and firing. Many of these steps are now accomplished using automated equipment.




For many ceramic products, including tile, the body composition is determined by the amount and type of raw materials. The raw materials also determine the color of the tile body, which can be red or white in color, depending on the amount of iron-containing raw materials used. Therefore, it is important to mix the right amounts together to achieve the desired properties. Batch calculations are thus required, which must take into consideration both physical properties and chemical compositions of the raw materials. Once the appropriate weight of each raw material is determined, the raw materials must be mixed together.



Mixing and grinding


Once the ingredients are weighed, they are added together into a shell mixer, ribbon mixer, or intensive mixer. A shell mixer consists of two cylinders joined into a V, which rotates to tumble and mix the material. A ribbon mixer uses helical vanes, and an intensive mixer uses rapidly revolving plows. This step further grinds the ingredients, resulting in a finer particle size that improves the subsequent forming process (see step #4 below).

Sometimes it is necessary to add water to improve the mixing of a multiple-ingredient batch as well as to achieve fine grinding. This process is called wet milling and is often performed using a ball mill. The resulting water-filled mixture is called a slurry or slip. The water is then removed from the slurry by filter pressing (which removes 40-50 percent of the moisture), followed by dry milling.



Spray drying


If wet milling is first used, the excess water is usually removed via spray drying. This involves pumping the slurry to an atomizer consisting of a rapidly rotating disk or nozzle. Droplets of the slip are dried as they are heated by a rising hot air column, forming small, free flowing granules that result in a powder suitable for forming.

Tile bodies can also be prepared by dry grinding followed by granulation. Granulation uses a machine in which the mixture of previously dry-ground material is mixed with water in order to form the particles into granules, which again form a powder ready for forming.





Most tile is formed by dry pressing. In this method, the free flowing powder—containing organic binder or a low percentage of moisture—flows from a hopper into the forming die. The material is compressed in a steel cavity by steel plungers and is then ejected by the bottom plunger. Automated presses are used with operating pressures as high as 2,500 tons.

Several other methods are also used where the tile body is in a wetter, more moldable form. Extrusion plus punching is used to produce irregularly shaped tile and thinner tile faster and more economically. This involves compacting a plastic mass in a high-pressure cylinder and forcing the material to flow out of the cylinder into short slugs. These slugs are then punched into one or more tiles using hydraulic or pneumatic punching presses.

Ram pressing is often used for heavily profiled tiles. With this method, extruded slugs of the tile body are pressed between two halves of a hard or porous mold mounted in a hydraulic press. The formed part is removed by first applying vacuum to the top half of the mold to free the part from the bottom half, followed by forcing air through the top half to free the top part. Excess material must be removed from the part and additional finishing may be needed.

Another process, called pressure glazing, has recently been developed. This process combines glazing and shaping simultaneously by pressing the glaze (in spray-dried powder form) directly in the die filled with the tile body powder. Advantages include the elimination of glazing lines, as well as the glazing waste material (called sludge) that is produced with the conventional method.





Ceramic tile usually must be dried (at high relative humidity) after forming, especially if a wet method is used. Drying, which can take several days, removes the water at a slow enough rate to prevent shrinkage cracks. Continuous or tunnel driers are used that are heated using gas or oil, infrared lamps, or microwave energy. Infrared drying is better suited for thin tile, whereas microwave drying works better for thicker tile. Another method, impulse drying, uses pulses of hot air flowing in the transverse direction instead of continuously in the material flow direction.





To prepare the glaze, similar methods are used as for the tile body. After a batch formulation is calculated, the raw materials are weighed, mixed and dry or wet milled. The milled glazes are then applied using one of the many methods available. In centrifugal glazing or discing, the glaze is fed through a rotating disc that flings or throws the glaze onto the tile. In the bell/waterfall method, a stream of glaze falls onto the tile as it passes on a conveyor underneath. Sometimes, the glaze is simply sprayed on. For multiple glaze applications, screen printing on, under, or between tile that have been wet glazed is used. In this process, glaze is forced through a screen by a rubber squeegee or other device.

Dry glazing is also being used. This involves the application of powders, crushed frits (glass materials), and granulated glazes onto a wet-glazed tile surface. After firing, the glaze particles melt into each other to produce a surface like granite.





After glazing, the tile must be heated intensely to strengthen it and give it the desired porosity. Two types of ovens, tile that is prepared by dry grinding instead of wet milling (see #2 and #3 above), usually requires a two-step process. In this process, the tile goes through a low-temperature firing called bisque firing before glazing. This step removes the volatiles from the material and most or all of the shrinkage. The body and glaze are then fired together in a process called glost firing. Both firing processes take place in a tunnel or continuous kiln, which consists of a chamber through which the ware is slowly moved on a conveyor on refractory batts—shelves built of materials that are resistant to high temperatures—or in containers called saggers. Firing in a tunnel kiln can take two to three days, with firing temperatures around 2,372 degrees Fahrenheit (1,300 degrees Celsius).

For tile that only requires a single firing—usually tile that is prepared by wet milling—roller kilns are generally used. These kilns move the wares on a roller conveyor and do not require kiln furnitures such as batts or saggers. Firing times in roller kilns can be as low as 60 minutes, with firing temperatures around 2,102 degrees Fahrenheit (1,150 degrees Celsius) or more.

8 After firing and testing, the tile is ready to be packaged and shipped.

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Optimus Big Slabs

GGCL’s Optimus big slabs are our answer to the most advanced architectural and interior design needs – starting from 80×160 cm up to 120x2400 cm – can be found in numerous collections and with different thicknesses, styles, including stone, concrete and marble, inspired by the latest design trends, which combine light weight, versatility and technical and aesthetic performance that is the result of the most advanced production technologies available in world today.